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Sialk Teppehs

They consist of two main hills 600 metres apart. The excavations done on these mounds by German archaeologist Roman Girshman reveal that these historical mounds date back to the fifth millennium BCE.

Excavations have been carried out in three phases, first in 1933, second in 1934 and the last one in 1937. These excavations lead to the identification of 17 cultural periods, of which the oldest dates back to the fifth millennium BCE. An interval of over 1,000 years passed, before the next settlement was continued on the same site. The more central mound has two separate gravesites belonging to tribes new to Iran, namely the Arians and the Medes, with more than a hundred graves. A short review of these mounds follows.

Medes continued to live there for two centuries and were the final occupants of Sialk. It is worth mentioning that late excavations have raised the question that this place may been a Ziggurat temple complex, specially the central mound, but has not yet been proved.


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