Gallery Virtual Tour Movie Description

Fin Garden

A spring of crystal clear water originating in the Karkas mountain range and gushes from a fountain called Soleimanieh supplies Fin Gardens. The people of Kashan have built many pleasant gardens near this spring since pre-Islamic times. The ruins of the former garden clearly show a long period of occupation between 10th and 16th centuries. The garden we see currently was constructed after a devastating earthquake in 1574. Shah Abbas I abandoned the ruined site and ordered the construction of the existing garden in the early 17th century, moving it 500 metres higher and thus closer to the origin of the spring.

In creating the new Fin Garden, the designers, architects and artists aimed to establish a rationale and logical relationship between the five senses of human kind and nature itself. The design skilfully uses the flow of water in this garden, as it descends. Shotorgelu Pavilion, built during the reign of Shah Abbas I, is located in the central part of the garden. The water enters here and flows backwards and forwards through the garden. The pattern is derived from Iranian gardens, as from this point, the space is divided to four sections and in each part of the garden some smaller gardens have in turn been designed. The Shotorgelu Pavilion had a four-porch plan overlooking the four directions of the garden. There was also a strong watchtower and a citadel designed to surround the garden since it was intended to house the Safavid kings when staying in Kashan during their travels. It was in this garden in Kashan that Shah Safi, the successor of Shah Abbas I, finally passed away due to alcoholic excess. The garden fared no better than the rest of the country after the Afghan’s invasion and destruction in 1722.

Karim Khan the Zand later built special dedicated palace in the southern part of the garden, known as the Khalvat-e-Karim Khani. Before long, another destructive earthquake occurred in 1782 and Fin Garden was abandoned again.

A new soul in the shape of Fat'h Ali Shah during the Qajarid dynasty was inspired to renovate Fin Garden. Under the supervision of his prime minister, curb facade of the Abbasid Shotorgelu Pavilion and the main avenues of the garden began along with renovation of the big hammam and construction of a smaller one. In addition, a new building called the Shotorgelu-ye Fat'h Ali Shahi (named after the second Qajarid king), was constructed. This building also has four-porch plan, three of which overlook the garden. There is a big central pond, the flowing fountain for spring water, decorated with beautiful frescos.

After the death of the king, Fin Garden's fortune declined along with its buildings. A new king came to power who caused an historical disaster, the memory of which has remained in the minds of Iranian people ever since. The third Qajarid king, Nasser ed-Din Shah ordered the murder of Mirza Taghi Khan. Also known as, Amir Kabir, he was a great man, considered to be without equal in that period of Qajarid rule. He was bled to death in the hammam of Fin Garden and since that time the Fin Garden became a place of mourning. After a shaky era under the Qajarids, Fin garden was repaired and is currently a museum and recreational place for visitors.

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